The mainstream French political landscape used to be binary, the center-left Socialists versus the center-right Gaullists. The Communists had considerable clout after WWII but never enough to challenge the presidency of the 5th Republic, which was established in 1958. The then-devised two-round presidential election, in which only the two candidates with the strongest showing continue to the second round, was put in place to keep extreme parties in check. But now French politics appear to be carved into rough quarters, the most solid one belonging to the far right National Front party whose extreme platform would cut immigration and take France out of the Euro Zone. Mainstream right and left fight to divide the middle fifty percent, and a heterogeneous far left roughly claims the rest. This is why although Marine Le Pen is the current frontrunner in the election, many doubt her chances of winning: in the second round, it is assumed more will be mobilized to vote against her than for her.
This schema of fourths was described today on L'Esprit public, a political show on the national radio station France Culture. I've been listening to France Culture on my commute somewhat obsessively since the American election. When the news is catastrophic, I find it helps to hear intelligent people describe it calmly even if nothing they have to say is particularly reassuring. I tuned in in the middle of the day on Sunday and discovered L'Esprit public, which not only took the same sane and measured tone, but managed to sound to me exactly like Meet the Press or the PBS News Hour, shows which were regular background noise in my childhood living room. Back then, I assumed the world was run by rational adults who would do their best not to destroy it. I was too young to have practiced duck-and-cover drills in elementary school, and the Berlin Wall fell when I was middle school. I fell into an auditory cocoon of comforting nostalgia.
The commentators segued from French politics to the first month of the Trump administration, which was somewhat rattling despite the PBS-like voices. As the Economist pointed out, much of Trump's talk is nothing new to Europeans. But the America they suddenly have to engage with is utterly new. It was noted that the checks and balances in the United States were beginning to function, both formally though the judiciary and popularly in the street. One commentator rushed to say something close to "maybe it will all be okay" when another interrupted to anxiously wonder about America's new chaotic diplomatic policies.
I'm trying to stay calm, inform myself enough (but not so much that I'm obsessing) from the right sources, and recognize the limits of my control over this suddenly crazy world. Two months until the French election and counting.